Many different horse and pony breeds were used in coal mines, including: Highland, Galloway, Shetland, Fell, Dartmoor, New Forest, Dales, Welsh Cob, Exmoor and Dartmoor. Larger breeds such as Clydesdale and Shires provided bigger horses for work on the surface. In times of shortage, such as after World War I, ponies were imported from Iceland, Russia and even the U.S.A.
Some collieries bred their own stock so that they could breed ponies with characteristics most suited to that particular colliery’s underground conditions. For further information on the size and use of ponies, read the pdf. below provided by the National Coal Mining Museum for England:
For more information on our wonderful heritage partner, the National Coal Mining Museum for England, follow the link below: